The Rabies vaccination is legally required for dogs in the state of Wisconsin. The initial vaccine should be given at around 16 weeks of age. If the annual booster is given within 1 year from the initial, then the vaccination may be given every 3 years thereafter. Rabies is a fatal disease that is zoonotic (can be transmitted from animals to humans), and is therefore necessary for cats and dogs because of animal health risk, but more importantly, human health risk. Learn more here.
Canine Distemper (DHLPP)
DHLPP is the acronym for the various diseases prevented by the canine distemper vaccine. These diseases include Distemper Virus, Hepatitis, Leptospirosis, Parainfluenza Virus, and Parvovirus. This is a "core" vaccination, along with the Rabies vaccine, which means that it is recommended annually for all dogs at Kettle Moraine Veterinary Clinic, due to the prevalence and severity of the diseases it prevents.
Feline Distemper (FVRCP)
Much like the canine form of the distemper vaccine, the FVRCP covers various diseases. These are Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis, Calicivirus, and Panleukopenia. Rabies and FVRCP are the two core vaccinations recommended annually for every cat seen at Kettle Moraine Veterinary Clinic, to assist in prevent these serious and common diseases.
Kennel Cough (Bordetella)
This is an elective vaccination, but may be required for dogs who attend doggy daycare, the groomer, training classes, dog parks, or boarding kennels. Please contact your groomer, doggy daycare, trainer, etc. to ask about their requirements, and how frequently they recommend this vaccination (annually or bi-annually). Kennel Cough disease, also known as Bordetella, is a disease that begins as a virus but typically has a bacterial component as well. There is no medical cure for the loud, persistent cough caused by Bordetella, and it can spread rapidly through the facilities mentioned above due to its highly contagious nature. The disesase is typically self-limiting, but it can take weeks for the symptoms to subside.
The Lyme vaccination is another elective vaccine for dogs at Kettle Moraine Veterinary Clinic. Lyme disease is transmitted by the Deer Tick, and causes painful, inflamed joints, lethargy, fever, and inappetance. Cats have not been proven to be susceptible to Lyme disease, but dogs can commonly contract Lyme. This disease is treated with an extended course of oral antibiotics. Annual vaccination is recommended for those dogs who frequently spend time outdoors, in tall grass or wooded areas, and especially hunting dogs. This vaccination is not a replacement for flea and tick preventative, but can be an additional safeguard against the transmission of Lyme disease specifically.
Feline Leukemia Virus (FeLV)
Annual Feline Leukemia vaccination is elective, but highly recommended for cats who spend time outdoors. The immune system is made deficient by this virus, which is transmitted between cats during breeding or fighting, mutual grooming, and is passed from affected mother cats to their kittens in the womb. Before vaccinating a new cat or kitten, it is recommended to test for Feline Leukemia and Feline Immunodeficiency viruses. This can be done at your pet's first exam.